Je knapper die Ware, desto höher der Preis.
Opel (German pronunciation:) is a German automobile manufacturer, subsidiary of French automaker Groupe PSA since August From until , Opel was . Der Islam ist eine monotheistische Religion, die im frühen 7. Jahrhundert n. Chr. in Arabien durch Mohammed gestiftet wurde. Mit über 1,8 Milliarden Anhängern ist der Islam nach dem Christentum (ca. 2,2 Milliarden Anhänger) heute die Weltreligion mit der zweitgrößten Mitgliederzahl.
Zwischenhändler boten Optionen feil. Wer teuer eingekauft hatte, machte zum ersten Mal Verlust. In Windeseile verbreitete sich die Nachricht in Spelunken und Schänken. Nun wollte keiner mehr in Tulpen investiert sein. Panik machte sich breit, jeder wollte raus aus den Zwiebelkontrakten, die Preise stürzten ins Bodenlose, Optionen wurden wertlos, die ersten strauchelten, Kredite wurden fällig. Wer zu lange und zu hoch gepokert hatte, verlor alles — oder ein wenig, je nach Ausgangsvermögen.
Die Mutter aller Spekulationsblasen lieferte nahezu alles, was eine moderne Krise braucht:. Einzig in ihren Auswirkungen war die Krise nicht heftig genug: Der schlagartige Preisverfall bei Tulpen konnte der brummenden Wirtschaftsmacht Holland kaum etwas anhaben.
Weder taumelten Banken, noch gerieten andere Branchen ins Straucheln. Es gab auch keine langwierigen Prozesse: Per Schlichtung wurden die meisten Verträge gegen geringe Strafzahlungen annulliert, ein Vorteil für die Optionsscheinzeichner. Nur wer eine Zwiebel in Händen hielt und dafür Gut und Geld hingegeben hatte, war arm dran. PDF Wie lege ich Die Tulpenblase war zudem — das zeigen neuere Untersuchungen — nicht nur eine Follie einiger Verrückter.
Psychologisch gesehen steht die Tulpenkrise Pate für viele Krisen der Neuzeit. Experimente zeigen, dass depressive Personen zum Beispiel Gewinnwahrscheinlichkeiten zutreffender einschätzen. Der positive Bias, eine positive Verzerrung der Wahrnehmung, helfe dem Menschen, Dinge auszuprobieren und gewisse Risiken einzugehen.
Möglicherweise hat es dem Menschen auch in der Evolution geholfen, dass er eher glaubt etwas erreichen zu können. Die Börse ist keine natürliche Umwelt, sondern eine synthetische, von Menschen geschaffene.
Hier sind die Spielregeln andere - und deshalb gewinnen auch andere Strategien. Der positive Bias der Massen ist oft der wichtigste Auslöser einer Börsenblase. Hier können Sie selbst Artikel verfassen: Im Interesse unserer User behalten wir uns vor, jeden Beitrag vor der Veröffentlichung zu prüfen. Daran hat sich nichts geändert. An den Börsen der Welt tummeln sich Millionen von grenzenlos habgierigen Faulenzern, die ohne einen Finger krumm zu machen, Millionen und Milliarden scheffeln wollen.
Allen voran die Banker betrügen sich gegenseitig und den Rest der Welt um an der Wertschöpfung anderer zu schmarotzen. Ich freue mich über jeden Crash und hoffe jedesmal, dass diese Banditen möglichst viel Geld, am besten ihre ganze Existenz, die sie ohnehin anderen gestohlen haben, verlieren.
Und man lebt nicht schlecht davon. Wer Geduld mitbringt und in gute Titel investiert, den belohnt die Zeit. Und was den Schmarotzer angeht. Soll ich mich wirklich auf die staatliche Rente verlassen? So einen gut geschrieben, spannenden und trotzdem an Fakten und Tatsachen basierenden Bericht habe ich schon lange nicht mehr gelesen.
Journalismus in einer Qualität wie ich sie bei politischen Themen leider oft vermisse. Das würde ich mir hier wünschen Die niederländische Regierung hatte sich darauf zur Beratung zurückgezogen und nach zwei Tagen folgende Regierungserklärung verlesen lassen: Bei Spielsucht ist aber nicht der Staat zuständig, sondern der Arzt.
Allerdings hatte die Weigerung der niederländischen Regierung zur Folge, dass viele reiche Spekulanten und Banker ihre Vermögen verloren. Ihr seht, die Geschichte hat ein Happy End: In China heute hat auch noch der Staat den Menschen empfohlen, in Aktien zu investieren. Als in Deutschland damals die Telekom Aktie an den Markt kam, die von vielen als Volksaktie bezeichnet wurde, kauften auch viele die Aktie auf Kredit.
Der Mensch lernt eben nicht aus. Der Mensch wurde von Jesus sehr gut beschrieben. Schon vor zweitausend Jahren. Nicht nur die Chinesischen Anleger machen das, auch an der Wallstreet bildet sich eine Blase, denn auch dort wir vieles auf Pump gekauft also der nächste Krasch ist auch dort im Anmarsch.
Denn in Deutschland wissen viele alles besser und haben zudem eine Regierung die nicht nur Griechen sondern auch uns Deutsche retten wird, oder? Übersicht Aktien Devisen Gold Experten. It was a minor miracle that even this was possible. By January , the plant was ready to build trucks, but many of the almost 12, parts needed to make each one was lacking. Before the big firms could begin, the small ones had to get started, too.
Illness and poor nutrition so crippled the staff of 6, workers that it was normal for to be too sick to come to work and more than to report sick during the day.
Overcoming these and other obstacles, Opel finally celebrated the completion of the first postwar Opel Blitz truck on 15 July in the presence of United States Army General Geoffrey Keyes and other local leaders and press reporters. With a ceremonial bouquet of flowers flying from its rear-view mirror, this historic Opel Blitz left the factory gate bound for a buyer in Wiesbaden on 26 July. Further production followed at a rate of a month, and by the end of , the production total was The next step for Opel was the resumption of passenger car production.
It might have seemed easiest to bring back the Kapitän first since its engine was already in production for the truck, but occupation regulations restricted German civilians to cars of 1. Under Dr Ing e. Karl Stief, who had been chief engineer at Opel since , useful changes were made to this tough little car.
The Dubonnet front suspension was replaced by a conventional coil-and-wishbone layout and the steering was correspondingly rearranged. Announced in November , production of the postwar Olympia , with austere painted hubcaps, began in December and allowed a modest return to export sales in that year.
In October , the Kapitän came back to the Opel line-up, unchanged except for such details as the shape of the headlights and improvements in the leaf springs and dampers. Other events which would powerfully affect Opel's future were taking place in In February and March, a GM study group came to Germany to investigate every aspect of Europe's economic situation and Opel's special problems.
On their return, they submitted a report on 26 March recommending that General Motors resume control of Opel. On 5 April, however, GM's financial policy committee concluded, "in view of the many uncertainties surrounding the operation of this property, the Corporation is not justified in resuming the responsibility for its operation at this time Later in April, Sloan sought to resolve the differences of opinion with a position paper that he hoped would set up conditions for resuming control of Opel that would put at rest the doubts of GM's more conservative financial minds.
Sloan suggested that GM take the helm of Opel again for a two-year "probationary" period to see whether the economic conditions, then called "close to stagnation" in Germany, would improve. Sloan set other important goals: Credit facilities should be available.
We should have complete freedom in personnel policies and administration. The products produced by Adam Opel AG should be solely within the jurisdiction of management, and if prices had to be approved by government authority, a reasonable return on the capital should be allowed.
With these guidelines in mind, the Opel question was put again on 3 May to the GM financial policy committee, which then withdrew its objections to a return to Rüsselsheim. Many details still had to be worked out, both within GM and in the US-occupied zone of Germany, before this could actually occur. Zdunek, formerly regional manager for Europe of General Motors Overseas Operations Division, was named managing director.
The appointment of Zdunek to this post was a move of special significance. An experienced motor industry executive, he reportedly was most respected by those who worked for him. Ed Zdunek was regarded as the perfect choice to guide Opel through this difficult environment of postwar Germany. He continued in that critical position until Changes in the Opel cars under GM's management did not appear until January , when a face-lifted Olympia was introduced.
Front and rear fenders were elongated and a heavy horizontal chrome grille was added. A retrograde step was the replacement of the four-speed gearbox with a three-speed unit, with a column shift lever. Engine tuning emphasised high torque at low engine speeds so the extra ratio was not too sorely missed.
The cabrio-coach model was returned to the Olympia range and a kombi was also offered, built by Karosserie Miesen. With minor further changes, this model lasted to March Detail improvements, such as a new dashboard and a steering-column shift, embellished the Kapitän line in May Bigger changes were saved for March , to anticipate the opening of the doors of the Frankfurt show on 19 April for an day run.
Its earlier fast-back style was modified to a mild notch-back contour, and a new horizontal grille — not the prettiest in Opel history — dominated the frontal view. With a higher compression ratio still only 6. More or less by fait accompli , in the absence of the tools to build the Kadett, Opel found itself in the middle-priced bracket in Germany's postwar auto market, sandwiched between Volkswagen and Mercedes-Benz. This position was familiar to both GM and Opel, and one in which it did amazingly well.
In , output rose above , units for the first time since the war, and in , when the sprawling plant by the Main River was considered completely rebuilt, 24, were employed at Adam Opel AG and , vehicles were built, an all-time high. Opel actually fully recovered from the consequences of the postwar era. During the s and s, the Vauxhall and Opel ranges were rationalised into one consistent range across Europe. By the s, Opel had emerged as the stronger of GM's two European brands; Vauxhall was the third-best selling brand in Great Britain after the British Motor Corporation later British Leyland but made only a modest impact elsewhere.
The two companies were direct competitors outside of each other's respective home markets, but mirroring Ford's decision to merge its British and German subsidiaries in the late s, GM followed the same precedent. Opel and Vauxhall had loosely collaborated before, but serious efforts to merge the two companies' operations and product families into one did not start until the s - which had Vauxhall's complete product line replaced by vehicles built on Opel-based platforms - the only exception to the rule being the Bedford CF panel van, the only solely Vauxhall design which was marketed as an Opel on the Continent.
By the turn of the s, the two brands were in effect, one and the same. Opel's first turbocharged car was the Opel Rekord 2. In the s, Opel was considered to be GM's cash cow, with profit margins similar to that of Toyota.
The deal was later called off. With ongoing restructuring plans, Opel announced the closure of its Antwerp plant in Belgium by the end of Opel's plant in Bochum closed in December , after 52 years of activity, due to overcapacity.
Opel withdrew from China, where it had a network of 22 dealers, in early  after General Motors decided to withdraw its Chevrolet brand from Europe starting in Opel operates 10 vehicle, powertrain, and component plants and four development and test centres in six countries, and employs around 35, people in Europe.
The brand sells vehicles in more than 50 markets worldwide. The company was responsible for primary engineering of the Epsilon I platform , Epsilon II platform , Delta I platform , Delta II platform , and Gamma platform , and played an important role in the development of especially the higher-end, more-refined version of the Gamma II platform. General Motors' new global platform D2xx is being mainly engineered by Opel, as well.
Even the idea and concept behind the Ampera was rooted in Opel with Frank Weber, the former Global Vehicle Line Executive and Global Chief Engineer electric vehicle development, being originally an Opel employee who was moved to the United States to advance the development of this concept in GM's home country instead of the German outpost that is Opel. The OPC name is also used in some motorsport activities.
Opel Special Vehicles OSV is a wholly owned subsidiary that offers public authority and special-purpose vehicles. The first Opel logo contained the letters "A" and "O" — the initials of the company's founder, Adam Opel. The A was in bronze, the O kept in red. In , Opel expanded and started to produce bicycles.
Around , the logo was completely redesigned. The new logo also contained the words "Victoria Blitz" referring to Lady Victory; they were certain of the triumph of their bicycles.
The word "Blitz" English: Another redesign was commissioned in The new logo was much more spirited and contained only the company name Opel. It was placed on the motorcycles that they had started to produce in , and on the first cars which were produced in In , the logo was the shape of an eye, and it was surrounded by laurels, with the text "Opel" in the centre.
From the mids to the s, passenger cars carried a ring which was crossed by some kind of a flying thing pointing to the left, which in some form could be interpreted as a zeppelin , the same flying object being used also as a forward-pointing hood ornament.
In some versions, it looked like an arrow; in others, like an aeroplane or a bird. Besides the hood ornament flying through the ring, Opel also used a coat of arms in various forms, which mostly had a combination of white and yellow colours in it, a shade of yellow which is typical for Opel until today. One was oval, half white and half yellow.
The Opel writing was black and in the middle of the oval symbol. Originally, the logo for this truck consisted of two stripes arranged loosely like a lightning symbol with the words "Opel" and "Blitz" in them, in later, s models simplified to the horizontal form of a lightning which appears in the current Opel logo. The jag in the lightning always follows the original from the "Opel Blitz" text stripes, in the form of a horizontally stretched letter "Z". By the end of the s, the two forms merged, and the horizontal lightning replaced the flying thing in the ring, giving way to the basic design which is used since then with variations.
Through all its variations, this logo is simple and unique, and both easily recognisable and reproducible with just two strokes of a pen. In the version, the lightning with a ring was used in a yellow rectangle, with the Opel writing below. The whole logo was again delimited by a black rectangle. The basic form and proportions of the Blitz logo has remained unchanged since the version, which made the lightning tails shorter so that the logo could fit proportionately within a yellow square, meaning it could be displayed next to the 'blue square' General Motors logo.
In the mid s, the Vauxhall "Griffin" logo was, in turn, resized and displayed within a corresponding red square, so that all three logos could be displayed together, thus signifying the unified GM Europe.
The SC Opel Rüsselsheim is a soccer club with over members. RV Opel Rüsselsheim is a cycling club. Die Zukunft Gehört Allen. GM confirmed plans of a "hybrid global brand" which includes Vauxhall, Opel and Buick to use more synergies between the brands. Opel cars appeared under their own name in the US from to , when they were sold through Buick dealers as captive imports. Historically, Opel vehicles have also been sold at various times in the North American market as either heavily modified, or " badge engineered " models under the Chevrolet, Buick, Pontiac , Saturn, and Cadillac brands - for instance the J-body platform, which was largely developed by Opel - was the basis of North American models such as the Chevrolet Cavalier and Cadillac Cimarron.
The Buick Regal is a rebadged Opel Insignia. It was first assembled alongside the Insignia at the Opel plant in Rüsselsheim. Since the first quarter of , it is now being built on the flexible assembly line at the GM plant in Oshawa, Canada.
Unlike the vehicles listed above, the Buick LaCrosse is not a rebadged version of an Opel model. However, it is based on a long-wheelbase version of the Opel-developed Epsilon II -platform, so shares many key components with the Opel Insignia and thereby the Buick Regal.
Though the Saturn had different exterior styling and had plastic door panels, it shared the same body shape as the Opel. Both cars rode on the GM platform. The Saturn also had a different interior, yet shared some interior parts, such as the inside of the doors. No diesel versions are offered. From to , Opel models were produced by Delta Motor Corporation , a company created through a management buyout following of GM's divestment from apartheid South Africa.
Delta assembled the Opel Kadett, with the sedan version called the Opel Monza. This was replaced by the Opel Astra , although the Kadett name was retained for the hatchback and considered a separate model.
A version of the Rekord Series E remained in production after the model had been replaced by the Omega in Europe, as was a Commodore model unique to South Africa, combining the bodyshell of the Rekord with the front end of the revised Senator. The Opel Corsa was introduced in , with kits of the Brazilian -designed sedan and pick-up known in South African English as a bakkie being locally assembled.
Although GM's passenger vehicle line-up in South Africa consisted of Opel-based models by the late s, these were sold under the Chevrolet brand name, with only the Kadett being marketed as an Opel when it was released in In , the Chevrolet brand name was dropped, with the Ascona , Rekord , Commodore , and Senator being rebadged as Opels.
Many Opel models or models based on Opel architectures have been sold in Australia and New Zealand under the Holden marque, such as the Holden Barina , which were rebadged versions of the Opel Corsa, the Holden Astra.
Opel's presence in China recommenced in with the Antara, and added the Insignia estate in On 28 March , Opel announced that it would leave China in Opel was long General Motors' strongest marque in Japan , with sales peaking at 38, in However, the brand was withdrawn from the Japanese market in December , with just 1, sales there in Opel was marketed in Malaysia beginning from the s, and early models exported were Kadett, Gemini , and Manta.
Opel had moderate sales from the s until the early s, when Malaysian car buyers favoured Japanese and Korean brand cars such as Toyota , Honda , Hyundai Inokom and Kia Naza , which offered more competitive prices.
Sales of Opel cars in Malaysia were dropped then, as Opel's prices were slightly higher than the same-segment Japanese, Korean, and local Proton and Perodua cars, and they were hard to maintain, had bad aftersales services, and spare parts were not readily available. Opel was withdrawn from Malaysian market in , and the last models sold were the Zafira, Astra, and Vectra, and the rebadged Isuzu MU as the Frontera, later replaced by Chevrolet.
Opel exported a wide range of products to Chile since Two Opel-franchised assembly plants were in Ireland in the s. Armstrong was an international competitor in motorcycle racing. The models assembled were the Kadett and the Rekord. From , the Admiral was imported as a fully built unit and became a popular seller.
Opel have produced five winners of the European Car of the Year competition:. From the late s to the s, terms from the German Navy Kapitän , Admiral , Kadett and from other official sectors Diplomat , Senator were often used as model names. Since the late s, the model names of Opel passenger cars end with an a. As Opels were no longer being sold in Great Britain, no need remained to have separate model names for essentially identical Vauxhall and Opel cars although some exceptions were made to suit the British market.
The last series to be renamed across the two companies was the Opel Kadett, being the only Opel to take the name of its Vauxhall counterpart, as Opel Astra.
Although only two generations of Astra were built prior to the model, the new car was referred to across Europe as the Astra F, referring to its Kadett lineage. Until , the Opel Corsa was known as the Vauxhall Nova in Great Britain, as Vauxhall had initially felt that Corsa sounded too much like "coarse", and would not catch on. Similar to the passenger cars, the model names of commercial vehicles end with an o Combo, Vivaro, Movano , except the Corsavan and Astravan for obvious reasons.
Opel produces high-performance derivatives of their cars developed by OPC. Opel took part in the German DTM race series between and with the Astra , and despite winning several races, it never won the DTM championship.
Opel returned to motorsport competition with the Adam in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the German automobile manufacturer. For other uses, see Opel disambiguation. Rüsselsheim am Main , Hesse. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Hood ornament of a Opel car, typical for many other Opels at the time. This section needs expansion.
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Ich nenne bewusst keine Namen, die sollten bekannt sein.
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